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CCI

Center for Causal Inference

New paper on instrumental variables estimation

New paper on instrumental variables estimation

Aug 15, 2018

Bounded, efficient and multiply robust estimation of average treatment effects using instrumental variables

​Wang L, Tchetgen Tchetgen E.
 

Instrumental variables (IVs) are widely used for estimating causal effects in the presence of unmeasured confounding. Under the standard IV model, however, the average treatment effect (ATE) is only partially identifiable. To address this, we propose novel assumptions that allow for identification of the ATE. Our identification assumptions are clearly separated from model assumptions needed for estimation, so that researchers are not required to commit to a specific observed data model in establishing identification. We then construct multiple estimators that are consistent under three different observed data models, and multiply robust estimators that are consistent in the union of these observed data models. We pay special attention to the case of binary outcomes, for which we obtain bounded estimators of the ATE that are guaranteed to lie between -1 and 1. Our approaches are illustrated with simulations and a data analysis evaluating the causal effect of education on earnings.

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About CCI

The Center for Causal Inference (CCI) is a research center that is operating under a partnership between Penn’s Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (CCEB), the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Rutgers School of Public Health, and Penn’s Wharton School. The mission of the CCI is to be a leading center for research and training in the development and application of causal inference theory and methods.

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